Otodectosis in better known as ear mites, is a common disease not only of street cats, but also Pets that rarely go outside. This disease can be stopped in the beginning, if you regularly (at least once a week) inspect the ears of a pet to the presence of these parasites. This should be done if the animal is in regular contact with other cats and the cats out on the street. Not walking on the street, the cat may also be ill with otodektoza. The fact is that ear mites in cats is transmitted not only by contact but also via insects such as fleas and flies. Infection more susceptible kittens, but sometimes the tick can be found in adult animals.
Looks like ear mites in cats? Each “GoToWebinar” should be aware of the appearance of the parasite, because the enemy must know in person. Pathogen otodektoza is a small mite, the size of which does not exceed 0.5 mm. the Mite has an oval body and a dark color, so to detect it in the ear of a cat is quite simple. It is a parasite that lives on the surface of the skin, so no need to try to find him deep in the ear of the animal. It is not dangerous to humans, but are capable of attaching to clothing and for a long period of time “to travel. Do not be afraid to contact with a sick cat – man to catch it is impossible. If animals in the house some, then the sick pet should be isolated from the rest, to use an individual brush for wool, as the mite can be transmitted to healthy cats.
The symptoms of otodektoza
Signs of ear mites in cats appear almost immediately after exposure:
- A pet becomes restless, anxious, may be aggressive, lose appetite. The cat tries his best to scratch his ear with his paws, rubbing against various objects, trying to relieve the itching. Often as a result of intensive combing appear bleeding scratches that cause inflammation. It is important to prevent this condition in the cat, as the persistent attempts to scratch the ear can lead to rupture of the tympanic membrane of the animal. This will cause inflammation of the inner ear and deafness.
- The animal is trying to get rid of the tick, constantly shaking her head.
- Ear mite affected, increases blood circulation, resulting in some swelling.
- Damaged skin is covered with brown scabs. They are formed from the secretions and waste products of the parasite.
- Gradually the cat stops to hear the patient’s ear, as the ear canal closes sulfuric stopper.
- A particular nasty smell which can be felt even at a distance.
- If the disease is started, the hair at the base of the ear begins to stick together due to the resultant pus.
- The animal becomes apathetic, lethargic, possibly fever. However, this is an indirect symptom that can be a symptom of many other diseases.
Important: If you find your pet a few signs can not wait for the appearance of others, immediately consult a veterinarian who will identify the symptoms and treatment appoint. Especially dangerous is the delay, if a cat has a fever.
Despite the fact that ear mites dangerous, treatment is simple enough, if the disease is detected in a timely manner. Launched otodectosis into a more serious stage, so no need to engage in self-diagnosis and treat your pet without consulting with a specialist. The main task of the veterinarian to properly diagnose and prescribe treatment, the task of the host is to detect the symptoms and consult a doctor.
The choice of drugs largely depends on the state of the animal and the extent of the disease. Medications can come in the form of powders, drops, ointments, injections, aerosols. If the animal is sick recently, the vet most frequently prescribed drugs such as “Amitraz”, “Achromatin”, “Tactics”, “Amarain”. If the pet due to infection with the tick became too nervous and irritable, does not allow to touch the ears, then you should use a special spray. So the medicine reached the goal enough to spray it at a distance of five centimeters from the ear of a cat. Most of these aerosols are made on the basis of such preparations as “Acrodex”, “Citrin”, “Dermacool”. Also important is the condition of the animal and its age. So, kittens up to six months and pregnant cats many drugs are contraindicated because of high toxicity. Safe for cats dosage needs to calculate the veterinarian.
Remedy for ear mites in cats may be administered intramuscularly. Injections are assigned when the disease has caused inflammation, and one removing the tick to the animal not to help. Use ointments or sprays for the destruction of the parasite, and an intramuscular injection “Otodectin”.
Treatment at home
Treatment otodektoza a lengthy process, on average, it takes 7 to 10 days, during this time, the adult ticks die. Drugs used for 3 weeks to destroy the parasite eggs. After the veterinarian has diagnosed and prescribed drugs, continues treatment at home.
The owner must daily apply medications to affected areas, pre-clearing the ear of a cat. Get rid of the formed crusts, purulent secretions, excrement of the tick with the cotton swabs. They must be moistened in hydrogen peroxide (solution 2%). Solution gently soak the crusts and scabs, after which they are easy to remove. It is important to be prepared for the fact that your pet is unlikely to be happy with the same procedure, touching the ears do not like even healthy cats.
When the cat’s ears will be thoroughly cleaned, apply a drug. This is done also with the help of a cotton swab in this tool gently rubbed into the skin.
To remove the mites mechanically so as not to injure the skin of the ear even more. Under the influence of drugs, the parasites gradually die and are removed with a cotton stick for cleaning ears. For the successful treatment once a day to carry out the procedure. With timely start of treatment the ears become pure by about the fifth day, but it is necessary to withstand at least a week. To avoid relapse, all the skin of the cat, you need to treat antiparasitic agents.
After the treatment it is necessary to pass repeated tests that show left mites or not.
If the cat is very nervous and worried, the vet prescribed ancillary medications. Typically, this “Oronasal”, Vishnevsky ointment, drugs containing sulfur. These funds do not kill mites, but help to relieve inflammation and have a calming effect.
In advanced cases of tick-borne infections the veterinarian may prescribe intramuscular injections of antibiotics.
Mites treatment folk remedies
To folk remedies can be resorted to only if the disease is at an early stage, or there is no opportunity to go to the vet. It is important to remember that the health and life of a pet is fully dependent on the owner.
For getting rid of mites commonly used oil. They are applied on the affected area of the skin, blocking the parasite’s access to oxygen. This causes him to leave the “familiar” place to flee. It is best to use almond place – it is devoid of pungent smell and produces a calming effect. Pre-need to make sure that the cat is not allergic to this remedy. To do this, put a drop of oil on clean skin of the animal. If within half an hour no redness or swelling, you can use it. Apply the oil on clean skin of the ears.
During the whole treatment period it is necessary to conduct regular wet cleaning, to remove the floor carpets. The mite can live for more than two months without a master, because there is a risk of re-infection.
In the recovery period the cat shows fresh air and balanced diet with a reduced amount of protein. This will help the animal not to be nervous and quietly to endure the discomfort.