Dogs are active and curious animals that are very difficult to avoid infection by parasites, such as subcutaneous mite. Subcutaneous mite is a nuisance that can not only lead to the deterioration and appearance of four-legged friend, but to many other diseases. These parasites are dangerous because they are carriers of piroplasmosis, Lyme disease, encephalitis, Marseilles fever, Lyme disease, etc.
Features of the disease
All subcutaneous mites that occur in dogs, feed on blood, skin cells or lymph. They gnaw through the skin moves poison the host organism of the waste products. In addition to severe itching and other discomfort, subcutaneous mites in dogs causes a severe allergic reaction, manifestation of which can be unpredictable.
Where are the ticks? Infestation occurring on the street, malicious insects in the grass waiting for their prey or move from other animals. For this reason, the infection most often occurs in the warm season, approximately from may to September-October.
Mites there are several types, but most often in our latitudes there are Demodex Canis, and itch. Some species of Demodex and scabies mites are all transmitted to humans, so the owners of the sick animal need to be extremely careful.
Appear disease may be due to weakened immunity. According to statistics, more than half of dogs infected by subcutaneous mite, but the immune reaction of the skin does not allow him to develop. Once the animal is weakened for any reason, the tick wakes up and begins to actively proliferate. Infection are most susceptible young dogs up to one year, and some breeds (Dachshund, Doberman, German shepherd, French bulldog, pug).
How to recognize the disease
The success of treatment and the safety of dog owners depends on how quickly they revealed signs of subcutaneous mite. The symptoms of this disease can often be confused with fungal or manifestation of infectious diseases.
- Hair loss. In the later stages become visible bald spots, and at the beginning of illness hair loss can be found in those parts of the dog’s body where hair is usually short, belly, genital areas, muzzle, and sometimes legs, etc.
- Severe itching. The animal experiences a painful itch that makes it all the time to scratch the mite affected area of the skin. Very quickly this place appear bloody scratches.
- Aggression, anxiety. Constant itching makes the dog have no rest day nor night, causing even the most calm docile pet may become aggressive and nervous, behave inappropriately.
- Lethargy, drowsiness, anemia, underlying medical diseases. Such symptoms appear after long-term infection with mites. The animal is weakened by illness, loses strength, and looks depressed.
Since all these features are characteristic of many parasitic lesions, to diagnose your pet and assign treatment impossible. For a clearer picture definitely does the scraping, which allows you to identify the type of pathogen. To do this, the vet anaesthetises the area affected skin and removes the upper layer of the epithelium, in which mites live. Scraping is also accompanied by skin incision, which is necessary to determine the depth of lesions of the epidermis. This analysis is taken exclusively by the veterinarian in the presence of the owner.
The only thing the owner can do for your four-legged friend, giving him antihistamines are given weight and age. What would have caused itching, anti-Allergy drugs are able to weaken it a bit.
Demodicosis is one of the most unpredictable and unpleasant subcutaneous mites, as always it is a secondary disease occurred on the background of weakening of immunity. Treatment can be long and unsuccessful if you don’t reveal the cause of the weakening of the dog.
Dog mites, causing demodicosis, long time, lives in the sebaceous glands of a healthy dog and does no harm, and is therefore called opportunistic organism. It is not transmitted to people and even harmless to the healthy and strong animals.
The disease usually appears in dogs after a strong shock, prolonged stress, chronic diseases, hormonal failure. Peaceful symbiotic mite wakes up and shows activity. It feeds on skin it gnaws moves and poisons the body of the dog products life. They cause severe tooth and an allergic reaction that is often accompanied by a slight swelling. The dead parasite in the epidermis causes suppuration and rapid hair loss from the skin begins to assume a sharp, unpleasant smell. In rare cases the disease proceeds without the appearance of bald spots that are often difficult to establish the correct diagnosis.
The disease spreads very rapidly, the affected areas appear all over the body. The animal has problems with regulators, often shivered even in the warm time of the year.
Demodicosis may develop in three forms: pustular, scaly and generalized.
When pustular form in the dog’s skin appear blisters – seals that are filled with pus and burst out. The dog is scratching the patient’s skin damage, resulting in wounds become infected. This is the most dangerous form of demodectic mange, as the pustules are deep in the skin and affect large vessels. Falling into the wound infection can spread quickly in the body blood, cause infection and death of the animal. For this reason, dog owners need as quickly as possible to take it to a specialist, after noticing the first symptoms.
When the demodicosis scaly on the skin surface there are small red spots that gradually become dry scabs, resembling scales. They tightening the skin, cause itching, and the dog seeks to tear. It can also lead to infection, but the inflammatory process, most often, will have local character. If the dog has chronic disease, he is old or has not reached adult age, even a local bacterial infection can kill her.
Generalized form of demodicosis is a combination of the previous two. Parasites can get into the internal organs of the dog, so he often loses his appetite, weight decrease.
If scaly and pustular demodekoz manifests itself locally in one area of the body, generalized it is possible to hit multiple, leaving significant bare patches and wounds. Photos of this disease are presented below.
Treatment of demodicosis
The difficulty of getting rid of subcutaneous mite in this case is very complicated by the fact that it is a secondary disease. The root cause is not identified in half of the cases, because the four-legged patient is usually prescribed drugs, strengthen the immune system.
Any parasite destroys the liver of the dog, the vet will prescribe taking the Kars or other medications. It is important to note that many medications have a positive effect not only on the liver, but on the state of the tick. Therefore the intake of these drugs it is important to combine active treatment of demodectic mange.
The external treatment of wounds is necessary because an animal may carry infection. Patient assigned to anti-anxiety and anti-bacterial ointments and antiparasitic preparations for external application. It is also necessary to revise the diet of the animal. Experienced vets are advised to temporarily move to the high-quality finished food.
As subcutaneous mite is “activated” internal problems, including a hormonal imbalance, small dogs with chronic demodicosis, it is recommended to sterilize.
Important: the Abrupt change of your dog’s diet can cause dysbiosis which will cause a new stress to the animal. To prevent this from happening in the pet food you need to drip liquid in drops probiotics that support normal intestinal flora.
If the critical condition of the animal, the veterinarian may assign Datamax. This is a very aggressive and effective drug with high toxicity. For the frail animal he can become fatal, the vet has to balance the risk and the need for such aggressive therapy for dogs.
The itch mite
It’s a parasite that gets on the dog’s skin from the external environment, burrow into the epidermis and begins to live, feeding on skin cells. For a long period of time, the immune system of a healthy animal can fight the parasites, and the disease occurs in a latent form. When the dog is contagious, the mite can be transferred to other quadrupeds. The person also can appear some symptoms of scabies, such as mild itching and redness of the skin, but they quickly pass. The dog scabies mite lives in human skin.
There are two kinds of causative agents of mange that cause sarcoptic mange and motocros. In the first case, the parasite can settle in any part of a dog’s body, causes the same symptoms as demodectic mange. When nutrose suffering outer part of the animal ears and tail and paws. Often the dog causes a strong shock to get rid of itching, possible head injury. Externally nottrot also similar to acne, but sometimes may not be itchy.
To treat scabies much easier than the acne, as is enough to destroy parasites. Once the diagnosis is clear, the vet prescribed acaricidal drugs, with a common range of validity. They not only eliminate the mites, but also struggling with fungi and bacteria, which could bring parasites. For the treatment enough to carry drops of the drug on the withers of the dog 2 times (as directed by your doctor). If skin damage is significant, appointed by antimicrobial soothing ointment. Also the animal should be given drugs that support the liver.
Prevention of scabies is to apply tick drops on the fur of an animal 1 time a year. To prevent demodicosis, it is necessary to balance the diet of their four legged pet, do not expose it to stress. If the dog refers to the breeds prone to this disease, it is necessary periodically to give her immunomodulating drugs.